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Tokens For Mac


A client should not be trusted with a MAC key that is shared. A new key should be generated for each client. It is no more of a security risk to trust each client with its own key, than it is to trust them with bearer tokens.




Tokens For Mac


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If SSL/TLS was used properly and the client credentials emitted in a confidential and self-service way are no many advantages to adopt MAC instead of Bearer tokens. Only adds complexity. It is client's responsibility to maintain the client_secret confidentiality. Of course there are clients that prefer to use MAC thinking that are improving security.


Assuming TLS is properly setup between Client and Resource Server (which has become almost ubiquitous by now), the remaining advantage of MAC tokens is that the sender is authenticated as opposed to bearer.


To summarise: the ubiquitous availability of TLS has minimised the security advantage of MAC tokens over bearer tokens, whilst one also has to take into account the fact that implementing MAC tokens is much harder than bearer tokens.


As to the error you are seeing when you import your tokens, our knowledge base article -47011 references the error and to confirm you are using the correct password. If it still does not work, the suggestion is to contact RSA Customer Support.


Intune supports the use of bootstrap tokens on enrolled Macs running macOS 10.15 or later. Bootstrap tokens grant volume ownership status to local user and guest accounts so that non-admin users can approve important operations that an admin would otherwise need to do. Operations such as:


We recommend you either configure SSH or upgrade to the Git Credential Manager (GCM) instead. GCM can manage authentication on your behalf (no more manual personal access tokens) including 2FA (two-factor auth).


When the Microsoft Authentication Library for iOS and macOS (MSAL) signs in a user, or refreshes a token, it tries to cache tokens in the keychain. Caching tokens in the keychain allows MSAL to provide silent single sign-on (SSO) between multiple apps that are distributed by the same Apple developer. SSO is achieved via the keychain access groups functionality.


Side note: Azure CLI on macOS uses also MSAL in the recent versions. According to Microsoft docs, the cached tokens will be stored in files as cleartext if you are using Service Principals for authentication on macOS:


Nevertheless, I would consider deleting all related Keychain entries manually or as part of a script if no device reset can be executed. Alternatively, Azure AD admins should revoke all refresh tokens to prevent abuse of the remained refresh tokens.


The described scenarios includes a macOS device which is not full managed by Microsoft Intune. I would recommend you to limit the token lifetime of refresh token on such kind of devices. Session management settings (sign-in frequency control) in Conditional Access allows to reduce the time window for abusing a valid cached tokens.


Important: the provision and use of 3SKey tokens are subject to United States export restrictions and other sanction programmes. Persons located in or from Cuba, North Korea, Iran, Sudan or Syria, and persons identified on US government or EU "denied party" or the "Specifically Designated Nationals" lists, are not permitted to possess or use 3SKey tokens.


Click here to accept the 3SKey Terms and Conditions referred to above.By accepting, you also represent and warrant to SWIFT that you are not subject to any of the export restrictions and other sanction programmes that would prohibit your possession or use of the 3SKey tokens.


Over the past year, Cloudflare has collaborated with Apple, Google, and other industry leaders to extend the Privacy Pass protocol with support for a new cryptographic token. These tokens simplify application security for developers and security teams, and obsolete legacy, third-party SDK based approaches to determining if a human is using a device. They work for browsers, APIs called by browsers, and APIs called within apps. We call these new tokens Private Access Tokens (PATs). This morning, Apple announced that PATs will be incorporated into iOS 16, iPad 16, and macOS 13, and we expect additional vendors to announce support in the near future.


This is just step one for us. We are actively working to get other clients and device makers utilizing the PAT framework as well. Any time a new client begins utilizing the PAT framework, traffic coming to your site from that client will automatically start asking for tokens, and your visitors will automatically see fewer CAPTCHAs.


You can use any signature type to authenticate the token removal request. All signature types are allowed because the tokens are mostly used for a simplified access. Allowing user to restrict the access again should be simple, as long as there is at least some authentication that would prevent removing token to the malicious party (causing DoS to the legitimate user).


  • Ideas for use: Include in a PTR entry for dark IP space of your internal network. Quick way to determine if someone is walking your internal DNS without configuring DNS logging and monitoring.

  • Leave in a .bash_history, or .ssh/config, or /servers.txt

  • Use as a extremely simple bridge between a detection and notification action. Many possibilities, here's one that tails a logfile and triggers the token when someone logs in: tail -f /var/log/auth.log awk '/Accepted publickey for/ system("host k5198sfh3cw64rhdpm29oo4ga.canarytokens.com") '

  • Use as the domain part of an email address.


GitLab offers to create personal access tokens to authenticate against Git over HTTPS. Using these tokens is a secure alternative to storing your GitLab password on a machine that needs access to your repository. It is also the only way to automate repository access when two-factor authentication is enabled.


If your team requires you to log in with single sign-on (SSO), your tokens will be denied access to the team by default. You can choose to grant access to the team when you obtain a new token. You must be logged in to the team with SSO to grant access to it.


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